CORRIDOR DIAGNOSTIC STUDY OF THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CORRIDORS OF EAST AFRICA

CORRIDOR DIAGNOSTIC STUDY OF THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CORRIDORS OF EAST AFRICA

This report provides a diagnostic study of the current conditions and performance at the ports of Dar es Salaam and Mombasa, stressing capacity constraints and low productivity. An integration program is proposed as a short-term solution to alleviate such capacity constraints; by transferring cargo handling at the marine terminals container yards to near port Inland Container Depots (ICDs). Both ports have master plans including long-term development projects, including new container terminals, which would ease capacity constraints and increase berth productivity considerably. However, the issues around congestion at these ports can cause significant obstacles to port operations until these projects are completed, with new terminals expected to be commissioned at least 3 – 5 years or 2013 - 2015. The ICD Integration Program could address these issues effectively, ensuring smooth operations at these ports in the interim. Since the terminals are already operating at full capacity or more, it is clear that without capacity enhancement there is a serious danger of the terminals going through another round of disaster of debilitating congestion, probably worse than the previous experience. The proposed ICD Integration Program is aimed at avoiding this looming catastrophe by enhancing the capacity of the existing terminals by integrating them with ICDs. The proposed Integration Program mainly relates to institutional/operational measures; it does not require investments in new port facilities and, therefore, can be implemented in a relatively short period which can be measured in months. The main thrust of the Integration Program is relocating all container processing activities from the marine terminals to ICDs, including all the handling of outside trucks. This “cleaning” of the marine terminals requires the integration of the ICDs with marine terminals. This integration means that the ICDs’ yards substitute the marine container yards and the ICDs gates substitute the marine terminals’ gate. ....Read more